30th District Judicial Candidates



30th District Judicial Candidates – Sean Delahanty


























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By Category: Election 2018, General Election 2018, Voter Guide

Louisville’s 30th Court District Candidates

Election: 2018 General Election

Name Mailing Address Office District/Division Party
Darryl Scott Lavery 3909 Springhill Road
Louisville, KY 40207
Circuit Judge 30th/2nd Nonpartisan
A. “Annie” O’Connell 202 Crescent Court, Rear
Louisville, KY 40206
Circuit Judge 30th/2nd Nonpartisan
Annette Karem 1804 Aberdeen Drive
Louisville, KY 40205
District Judge 30th/1st Nonpartisan
Amber B. Wolf 317 Winton Ave.
Louisville, KY 40206
District Judge 30th/2nd Nonpartisan
Tracy Davis 3701 Terrace Hills Drive, #203
Louisville, KY 40245
District Judge 30th/3rd Nonpartisan
Kristina Garvey 3713 Hillsboro Rd.
Louisville, KY 40207
District Judge 30th/3rd Nonpartisan
L. J. “Todd” Hollenbach IV. 317 Jarvis Lane
Louisville, KY 40207
District Judge 30th/4th Nonpartisan
Julie Kaelin 1404 Debarr Street
Louisville, KY 40204
District Judge 30th/4th Nonpartisan
Jennifer H. Leibson 7607 Old Orchard Ct.
Louisville, KY 40222
District Judge 30th/5th Nonpartisan

Sean R. Delahanty

1381 Tyler Park Drive
Louisville, KY 40204
District Judge 30th/6th Nonpartisan
Lisa L. Langford 6601 Ken Carla Drive
Prospect, KY 40059
District Judge 30th/6th Nonpartisan
Jennifer Bryant Wilcox 1104 Colonel Anderson Parkway
Louisville, KY 40222
District Judge 30th/7th Nonpartisan
David Paul Bowles 3629 Kelly Way
Louisville, KY 40220
District Judge 30th/8th Nonpartisan
Tanisha Ann Hickerson 4618 Wooded Oak Circle
Louisville, KY 40245
District Judge 30th/9th Nonpartisan
Sara Michael Nicholson 302 Coralberry Road
Louisville, KY 40207
District Judge 30th/10th Nonpartisan
Jessica Ann Moore 3044 Bardstown Rd.
#109
Louisville, KY 40205
District Judge 30th/11th Nonpartisan
Eric Haner 2047 Sherwood Ave.
Louisville, KY 40205
District Judge 30th/12th Nonpartisan
Anne Delahanty 2863 Regan Road
Louisville, KY 40206
District Judge 30th/13th Nonpartisan
Stephanie Pearce Burke 212 Bellemeade Road
Louisville, KY 40222
District Judge 30th/14th Nonpartisan
Anne Haynie P.O. Box 262
Prospect, KY 40059
District Judge 30th/15th Nonpartisan
Katie King 3400 Dutchmans Lane
Louisville, KY 40205
District Judge 30th/16th Nonpartisan
Erica Lee Williams 11106 Rock Bend Way
Louisville, KY 40241
District Judge 30th/17th Nonpartisan
Lori Goodwin 1238 South Floyd Street
Louisville, KY 40203
Circuit Judge 30th/4th Family Nonpartisan
Lauren Adams Ogden 700 Blankenbaker Lane
Louisville, KY 40207
Circuit Judge 30th/4th Family Nonpartisan
Emily Maria Digenis 9462 Brownsboro Rd
Box 337
Louisville, KY 40241
Circuit Judge 30th/10th Family Nonpartisan
Derwin L. Webb P.O. Box 7932

Louisville, KY 40257

Circuit Judge 30th/10th Family Nonpartisan


Maintained Matthew Leffler

Candidates of the 2018 General Election

Louisville Candidates

COMMONWEALTH’S ATTORNEY
Democratic Party
Thomas B. “Tom” WINE

CIRCUIT COURT CLERK
Democratic Party
David Lawrence NICHOLSON

PROPERTY VALUATION ADMINISTRATOR
Republican Party
John T. MAY
Democratic Party
Colleen YOUNGER

COUNTY JUDGE/EXECUTIVE
Democratic Party
Queenie AVERETTE

COUNTY ATTORNEY
Democratic Party
Mike O’CONNELL

COUNTY CLERK
Republican Party
Barbara “Bobbie” HOLSCLAW
Democratic Party
Michael E. BOWMAN

SHERIFF
Republican Party
Robert Alan JONES JR.
Democratic Party
John E. AUBREY

COUNTY COMMISSIONER – ‘A’ DISTRICT
Democratic Party
Daniel B. GROSSBERG

METRO COUNCIL – 1st DISTRICT
Democratic Party
Jessica GREEN

METRO COUNCIL – 3rd DISTRICT
Democratic Party
Keisha DORSEY

METRO COUNCIL – 5th DISTRICT
Republican Party
John Mark OWEN
Democratic Party
Donna Lyvette PURVIS

METRO COUNCIL – 7th DISTRICT
Republican Party
Kent HALL
Democratic Party
Paula McCRANEY

METRO COUNCIL – 9th DISTRICT
Democratic Party
Bill HOLLANDER

METRO COUNCIL – 11th DISTRICT
Republican Party
Kevin J. KRAMER
Democratic Party
Derek Trent ASHCRAFT

METRO COUNCIL – 13th DISTRICT
Republican Party
Jennifer ALEXANDER
Democratic Party
Mark FOX

METRO COUNCIL – 15th DISTRICT
Republican Party
Richard O. BROWN
Democratic Party
Kevin TRIPLETT

METRO COUNCIL – 17th DISTRICT
Republican Party
Glen E. STUCKEL
Democratic Party
Markus WINKLER

METRO COUNCIL – 19th DISTRICT
Republican Party
Anthony B. PIAGENTINI
Democratic Party
William R. ACKERMAN III.

METRO COUNCIL – 21st DISTRICT
Republican Party
Bret A. SHULTZ
Democratic Party
Nicole GEORGE
Non-partisan
John A. WITT

METRO COUNCIL – 23rd DISTRICT
Republican Party
James PEDEN

METRO COUNCIL – 25th DISTRICT
Republican Party
Harold Temoth HENLEY JR.
Democratic Party
David YATES

CORONER
Democratic Party
Barbara WEAKLEY-JONES

SOIL & WATER CONSERVATION – BD OF SUPVRS – 3
Non-partisan
James Howard ROVENSKI
David W. KAELIN
Larry BUTLER
Jasmine WOODARD
Raymond L. ADAMS SR.

JUSTICE OF THE PEACE – DISTRICT 1
Republican Party
Shelly Renee CORMNEY
Democratic Party
Mera Kathryn CORLETT

JUSTICE OF THE PEACE – DISTRICT 2
Democratic Party
Gary FIELDS

JUSTICE OF THE PEACE – DISTRICT 3
Democratic Party
Angela D. HOLLINGSWORTH

CONSTABLE – DISTRICT 1
Republican Party
John D. ZEHNDER
Democratic Party
Bruce BOGGS JR.

CONSTABLE – DISTRICT 2
Republican Party
Virginia WOOLRIDGE
Democratic Party
Mike THOMPSON

CONSTABLE – DISTRICT 3
Democratic Party
Andre THOMAS

MAYOR
Republican Party
Angela LEET
Democratic Party
Greg FISCHER
Non-partisan
Billy RALLS
Douglas Edward LATTIMORE
Henry OWENS III.
Isaac Marion THACKER IV.
Jackie GREEN
Sean VANDEVANDER
Chris THIENEMAN

SCHOOL BOARD – DISTRICT 1
Non-partisan
Diane PORTER

SCHOOL BOARD – DISTRICT 3
Non-partisan
James CRAIG
Jenny BENNER
Judith L. BRADLEY
Derek Jermaine GUY

SCHOOL BOARD – DISTRICT 5
Non-partisan
Linda D. DUNCAN

SCHOOL BOARD – DISTRICT 6
Non-partisan
Waymen EDDINGS
Corrie SHULL
Nicole AGHAALIANDASTJERDI
Angela SMITH

ANCHORAGE SCHOOL BOARD – 1
Non-partisan
Colleen Kelly ABATE
Rosanna GABRIELE
Wendell W. HARRIS
Hannah BARNES

ANCHORAGE SCHOOL BOARD – 2 – Unexpired Term
Non-partisan
Robert T. WATSON

ANCHORAGE MAYOR
Non-partisan
W. Thomas HEWITT

ANCHORAGE COUNCILMEMBER
Non-partisan
Neil RAMSEY
Brian RUBLEIN
Jason WALTERS
Cecelia HAGAN
William M. WETHERTON
Matthew DELEHANTY
Diane Valentine COOK
T. Hunter WILSON

AUDUBON PARK MAYOR
Non-partisan
Tony WILLIAMS

AUDUBON PARK COUNCILMEMBER
Non-partisan
Andrew J. KLUMP
Daniel STEPHEN
Stephanie GEORGE
Seth Tyler KIRK
Jennifer W. KLEIER
Alex BREY
Ravi BHATIA
Madeline Mittel BOZEMAN
Brittney GORTER
Austin T. SCHWENKER

BANCROFT MAYOR
Non-partisan
Jeffrey S. MAGERS

BANCROFT COMMISSIONER
Non-partisan
Edwin L. EVERS
Michael BORDERS

BARBOURMEADE MAYOR
Non-partisan
Bryan COOMER

BARBOURMEADE COMMISSIONER
Non-partisan
Robert T. LONGSHORE JR.
Thomas BUDNIAK
Dan Aron STREIT

BEECHWOOD VILLAGE MAYOR
Non-partisan
Timothy Logan GRIGGS
Timothy B. GEORGE JR.

BEECHWOOD VILLAGE COUNCILMEMBER
Non-partisan
Phyllis SKONICKI
Kelly CARLS
Lora COOMES
Mary Gwynne DOUGHERTY

BELLEMEADE MAYOR
Non-partisan
John W. MILLER

BELLEMEADE COMMISSIONER
Non-partisan
Bob ELLIOTT
James N. MARTIN JR.
Andrew MILLER
Susan Dorten JARL
Jennifer GARDNER

BELLEWOOD MAYOR
Non-partisan
Mark KLEIN

BELLEWOOD COMMISSIONER
Non-partisan
Steve DOUGHERTY
Bruce S. GALE
Doug DeMOSS JR.
Austin KUPPER

BLUE RIDGE MANOR MAYOR
Non-partisan
Carla KREITMAN

BLUE RIDGE MANOR COMMISSIONER
Non-partisan
Debbie MILLS
Hans J. KLOSE
Porter S. LADY
F. Kenneth CONLIFFE

BRIARWOOD MAYOR
Non-partisan
Michael McGRATH

BRIARWOOD COMMISSIONER
Non-partisan
Brian K. SUTTON
Laura LITKEA
Robert TOLER

BROECK POINTE MAYOR
Non-partisan
Mark PETRUSKA

BROECK POINTE COMMISSIONER
Non-partisan
Robin S. CECIL
Wendy PETRUSKA
Elizabeth KEENAN

BROWNSBORO VILLAGE MAYOR
Non-partisan
Mark W. JOYCE

BROWNSBORO VILLAGE COMMISSIONER
Non-partisan
Dana Walker LINDLEY
Carol McCARTY
Fay DORVAL
Brian A. WILLIS

CAMBRIDGE COMMISSIONER
Non-partisan
Stuart KING
Gary OSBORNE
Gayle WILHELMI

COLDSTREAM MAYOR
Non-partisan
J. Kevin TAYLOR

COLDSTREAM COUNCILMEMBER
Non-partisan
William STARKS
Glenn BUSBY
Paul CHAPMAN

CREEKSIDE MAYOR
Non-partisan
Zakirhushain “Zak” DUGLA

CREEKSIDE COMMISSIONER
Non-partisan
Thomas WILSON
Paul VITELLO
Beverly A. WILLIAMS
Richard BEAN

CROSSGATE MAYOR
Non-partisan
Kirk HILBRECHT

CROSSGATE COMMISSIONER
Non-partisan
Megan M. DOHN
Chas KRISH
Lawrence L. KIRSCHENBAUM
Jamie GERRISH

DOUGLASS HILLS MAYOR
Non-partisan
Rick MORESCHI
Bonnie JUNG

DOUGLASS HILLS COUNCILMEMBER
Non-partisan
Matthew NELSON
Denise SCARPELLINI
Neil G. SANDEFUR
Patti Walker EUBANKS
Jeffrey J. RIDDLE
Jason A. BOWMAN
William “Bill” MIDDLETON

DRUID HILLS MAYOR
Non-partisan
Ben FRANKLIN

DRUID HILLS COMMISSIONER
Non-partisan
David WESTFALL
Ben ARNOLD
Bruce Charles BARBOUR
Alex GIPE

FOREST HILLS MAYOR
Non-partisan
Kenneth W. GRIFFIN

FOREST HILLS COMMISSIONER
Non-partisan
Lydia MOEL
Sharon C. DOLL
Sharon HENRY
Chris WRIGHT
Gayle KNOOP

GLENVIEW MAYOR
Non-partisan
Walter T. HALBLEIB

GLENVIEW COMMISSIONER
Non-partisan
Donald BENNETT
John L. WARMACK JR.
Nanette TAFEL
Deborah M. REISS

GLENVIEW HILLS MAYOR
Non-partisan
Bryan D. SCHMITT

GLENVIEW HILLS COMMISSIONER
Non-partisan
Justin F. WOODSON
Cordell LAWRENCE
Abigail GREEN
Lisa Aubrey BENTLEY

GLENVIEW MANOR MAYOR
Non-partisan
Joe MARTIN

GLENVIEW MANOR COMMISSIONER
Non-partisan
Michael RUSSELL
Kimberly PETERSON
Stephanie R. BELL
Jennifer T. RUE

GOOSE CREEK MAYOR
Non-partisan
Jim WINDERS

GOOSE CREEK COMMISSIONER
Non-partisan
Tony SCHELER
David COMBS
Will OLLIGES
Stuart WOOSLEY

GRAYMOOR-DEVONDALE MAYOR
Non-partisan
John VAUGHAN

GRAYMOOR-DEVONDALE COUNCILMEMBER
Non-partisan
David MEINERS
David BEAUDOIN
Mark A. SITES
Yvette WINNETTE
Alan BRYANT

GREEN SPRING MAYOR
Non-partisan
Trevor S. CRAVENS

GREEN SPRING COMMISSIONER
Non-partisan
Samuel Kemp MASON
Chris von ALLMEN
T. E. “Tom” PHILLIPS
Stuart W. RIES

HERITAGE CREEK MAYOR
Non-partisan
Clifford “Larry” WEBB

HERITAGE CREEK COUNCILMEMBER
Non-partisan
Joseph “Joe” SOEDER
Tammy Lee LLOYD
Benny WARFORD
Billy MITCHELL
John BENZ
Mary Jean WHITEHOUSE

HICKORY HILL MAYOR
Non-partisan
Richard E. DEARING JR.

HICKORY HILL COMMISSIONER
Non-partisan
Paul GESSNER
Jackie RICHARDSON
Martha HOSKINS
David “Todd” JONES

HILLS AND DALES MAYOR
Non-partisan
Ralph George JOHANSON

HILLS AND DALES COMMISSIONER
Non-partisan
Barbara P. ROGERS
Diane TOBIN
Roger A. OWEN

HOLLOW CREEK MAYOR
Non-partisan
Ken WOODBURN
Sonja D. MINCH

HOLLOW CREEK COMMISSIONER
Non-partisan
Greg BLUM
Lois KITTEL
Bruce SAYLOR
Nani SINGLETON

HOUSTON ACRES MAYOR
Non-partisan
Charles BARTMAN

HOUSTON ACRES COMMISSIONER
Non-partisan
Mia Theresa SEITZ
Scott MEDLEY
Harvey HARDISON
Steven SCHLOTTER

HURSTBOURNE MAYOR
Non-partisan
Mary Schneider MASICK
George STEWART

HURSTBOURNE COMMISSIONER
Non-partisan
Lois WAGNER
Norbert HANCOCK
Earl HUBBUCH
Bennie “Ben” JACKSON
Bill LEAVELL

HURSTBOURNE ACRES MAYOR
Non-partisan
Terry McALLISTER
Sean P. FORE

HURSTBOURNE ACRES COMMISSIONER
Non-partisan
Troy ESKRIDGE
Donna M. NICHOLS
Louis B. HAMILTON
Teresa C. RENNINGER
William Robert NOEL JR.
Brent O. HARDIN
Christine BOHNENKAMP

INDIAN HILLS MAYOR
Non-partisan
Chip HANCOCK

INDIAN HILLS COUNCILMEMBER
Non-partisan
Stephen L. GRUEBBEL
Kate B. LINDSAY
Gary ULMER
James A. GIESEL
Mary “Mimi” ZINNIEL
Sandra CARROLL
James Philip “Jim” GRIES
Frank P. DOHENY JR.
Jason Alexander KRON
Laura J. DUNBAR
Kay MATTON
LuAnn N. GEORGE
Lee K. GARLOVE

JEFFERSONTOWN MAYOR
Non-partisan
William “Bill” DIERUF

JEFFERSONTOWN COUNCILMEMBER
Non-partisan
Ron POWELL
Mark BLUM
Carol PIKE
Bill YOUNG
Christopher SMITH
Kevin RICH
Brian ABRAMS
Vincent GRISANTI
Pam WARE
Ray “Chubby Ray” PERKINS
Warren DONALDSON
Tim HALL

KINGSLEY MAYOR
Non-partisan
Rebecca BELD

KINGSLEY COMMISSIONER
Non-partisan
Cindy LANDRY
Beryl WARD
George BURNS
Lesa FERGUSON

LANGDON PLACE MAYOR
Non-partisan
Mike FRANK

LANGDON PLACE COMMISSIONER
Non-partisan
Charles R. O’BRYAN
Nicholas HOLMES
F. Scott SCINTA
Aaron HARDY

LINCOLNSHIRE MAYOR
Non-partisan
Lewis HUDSON

LINCOLNSHIRE COMMISSIONER
Non-partisan
Emil PETER III.
Dean A. DUNCAN

LYNDON MAYOR
Non-partisan
Brent HAGAN

LYNDON COUNCILMEMBER
Non-partisan
Mardy SIDEBOTTOM
Carla S. NALLEY
Susan M. BARTO
Becky Baxter RICKETTS
Nathan SHANKS
Elizabeth KRAMER
Amy L. STUBER
Camille POPHAM
Trisha JEWELL
Kelly S. KRAMER

LYNNVIEW MAYOR
Non-partisan
Ann GLENN

LYNNVIEW COUNCILMEMBER
Non-partisan
Deborah OSBORN
Floyd “Randell” MATTHEWS
Suzanne STARK
Derek S. CARR
Linda PLAPPERT
Jesse D. PRUITT

MANOR CREEK MAYOR
Non-partisan
John YOUNG

MANOR CREEK COMMISSIONER
Non-partisan
Cynthia YORK
Clelland RUSSELL
Judy TIMMERING
Heather HISE
John RIESTER

MARYHILL ESTATES MAYOR
Non-partisan
F. Robert CAROTHERS III.

MARYHILL ESTATES COMMISSIONER
Non-partisan
Adele Pinto RYAN
Andrew McDowell RENDA
Elizabeth Staley JANSON
Ashlie Courvisier MERCER

MEADOWBROOK FARM MAYOR
Non-partisan
Diane WOODS

MEADOWBROOK FARM COMMISSIONER
Non-partisan
Gary SANFORD
David M. WOODS
Kelly L. VANCE

MEADOW VALE MAYOR
Non-partisan
Mary R. HORNEK
Matt HAMMOND

MEADOW VALE COMMISSIONER
Non-partisan
Cathy MORROW
Mike JONES
Mary “Diane” ROBERTS

MEADOWVIEW ESTATES MAYOR
Non-partisan
Connie K. WHARTON

MEADOWVIEW ESTATES COMMISSIONER
Non-partisan
Dale VISH

MIDDLETOWN MAYOR
Non-partisan
J. Byron CHAPMAN
Todd ROLOW

MIDDLETOWN COMMISSIONER
Non-partisan
Tommie Lee ABBOTT
Ron WOLF
Mark STIGERS
Paul ZIMMERMAN
Amy E. OLIVER

MOCKINGBIRD VALLEY COMMISSIONER
Non-partisan
David T. RICHARDSON
Richard A. LECHLEITER
Elizabeth W. DAVIS
Mark L. CORBETT
James Walker STITES III.

MOORLAND MAYOR
Non-partisan
David L. CHERVENAK JR.

MOORLAND COMMISSIONER
Non-partisan
Dwight E. GRAMMER
Morgan HERNDON

NORBOURNE ESTATES MAYOR
Non-partisan
Lucy HESKINS

NORBOURNE ESTATES COMMISSIONER
Non-partisan
Kevin M. THOMAS
Albert W. ERNY
Elena B. MARQUETTE
Jeffrey M. DAIBER

NORTHFIELD MAYOR
Non-partisan
Randolph CHAPPELL

NORTHFIELD COUNCIL
Non-partisan
James “Tracy” WALKER
Clark RHEA
Sharon BERGER
Brandon SMITH
Alan BIRCH
Steve LEVY

NORWOOD MAYOR
Non-partisan
Keith MONSOUR

NORWOOD COMMISSIONER
Non-partisan
Chris SCHNEIDTMILLER
Brian D. DRISCOLL
Ashley REDENBAUGH

OLD BROWNSBORO PLACE COMMISSIONER
Non-partisan
Angela BAZANT
Amanda WALUKAS

PARKWAY VILLAGE MAYOR
Non-partisan
T. Paul AMSHOFF JR.

PARKWAY VILLAGE COMMISSIONER
Non-partisan
Mary Rose EVANS
Mara Beth CRAVENS
Tabitha HILLMAN-BURCHAM
Barry W. CRAVENS
Meredith RUBIN
Ken WHITE SR.

PLANTATION MAYOR
Non-partisan
Becky PEAK

PLANTATION COUNCIL
Non-partisan
Kurt WEIGLE
Roy G. WELLER
Susan SCHNEIDER
Kathryn B. RAY
Nita JAMES
Holly L. LAW
Jeanene CLARK

PROSPECT MAYOR
Non-partisan
John E. EVANS
Scott WHITEHOUSE

PROSPECT COUNCILMEMBER
Non-partisan
Harold SCHEWE
Sandra Cerow LEONARD
William W. TERRY
Gregory HUELSMAN
Rande Nortof SWANN
Frank FULCHER
Richard OVERY

RICHLAWN COMMISSIONER
Non-partisan
Andrew CARPENTER

RIVERWOOD MAYOR
Non-partisan
John M. DeWEESE

RIVERWOOD COMMISSIONER
Non-partisan
Sumner MacDONALD
Alex P. HERRINGTON JR.
Robert B. VICE
Lawrence BORAM

ROLLING FIELDS COMMISSIONER
Non-partisan
Daniel Doherty TAFEL
Cyrus RADFORD
Robert JOHNSTON

ROLLING HILLS COMMISSIONER
Non-partisan
J. Brent MONROE
David M. METZ
Michele BAGWELL-FAWVER

SAINT MATTHEWS MAYOR
Non-partisan
Richard J. TONINI

SAINT MATTHEWS COUNCILMEMBER
Non-partisan
Robert C. ORR
Nicholas SCHADE
Bernard BOWLING JR.
Stuart MONOHAN
Cathi CLARK
Tim HOLLAND
Mary Jo Garvey NAY
Patrick WISSING
Amy OLSON
Fred WHITE
Shaun P. McKIERNAN
Tony G. WEITER
Frank A. FLYNN

SAINT REGIS PARK MAYOR
Non-partisan
Brandt DAVIS

SAINT REGIS PARK COUNCILMEMBER
Non-partisan
John AMBACK
Louie SCHWEICKHARDT
Craig THEIS
Don ” D. J.” FOUNTAIN
Cheryl M. WILLETT
Jeffrey WEIS
Eric SHACKELFORD

SENECA GARDENS MAYOR
Non-partisan
David L. BROWN

SENECA GARDENS COMMISSIONER
Non-partisan
James M. MORRIS
Amie E. SCHULTEN
Andrea DIEBOLD
John E. MORRIS

SHIVELY MAYOR
Democratic Party
Beverly Chester BURTON

SHIVELY COUNCILMEMBER
Republican Party
Dennis STENGEL
Democratic Party
Lisa BEARD
Shanell R. THOMPSON
Tiffany M. BURTON
Chester L. BURRELL
Maria D. JOHNSON
Delbert R. VANCE

SPRING MILL MAYOR
Non-partisan
Karen NALLY

SPRING MILL COMMISSIONER
Non-partisan
Richard NALLY
Doris BADER

SPRING VALLEY MAYOR
Non-partisan
J. Patrick LONG

SPRING VALLEY COMMISSIONER
Non-partisan
R. Scott McCORKLE
Michael J. MOYANO
Gregory J. WAKELING

STRATHMOOR MANOR MAYOR
Non-partisan
Brian COBB

STRATHMOOR MANOR COMMISSIONER
Non-partisan
Kathy ZANDONA
Robert L. PETERSON JR.
Brooke HEITZ
Susan STOPHER

STRATHMOOR VILLAGE MAYOR
Non-partisan
Jay BOWMAN

STRATHMOOR VILLAGE COMMISSIONER
Non-partisan
John BARROW
Mark E. KLEIN
Timothy G. SCHROERING

SYCAMORE MAYOR
Non-partisan
James BARR

SYCAMORE COMMISSIONER
Non-partisan
Virginia FORESMAN
Anne HESS
Amy P. WILLIAMS
Sally FANGMAN

TEN BROECK MAYOR
Non-partisan
David N. BRADLEY

TEN BROECK COMMISSIONER
Non-partisan
Theodore D. WILLIAMS
Michael HORBANIUK
Barbara J. HUTCHISON
Christopher KNOOP

THORNHILL MAYOR
Non-partisan
Julea LAWSON

THORNHILL COMMISSIONER
Non-partisan
Kelly PULLEN
William A. PIERCE JR.
Allyson STOUT
Kay WILLIS

WATTERSON PARK MAYOR
Non-partisan
Linda CHESSER

WATTERSON PARK COUNCILMEMBER
Non-partisan
Phillip JOHNSON
Brett ASHLEY
Gina GARRETT
Tiffany WOODSON
Helen Jo ARNOLD
Marlene A. WELSH
Steven L. FORTWENGLER

WELLINGTON MAYOR
Non-partisan
Sandra MOON

WELLINGTON COMMISSIONER
Non-partisan
Carol PETRITES
Christopher SCHULZ
Sara Freibert SIEVERT
Milos MALDONADO
Neal COX

WEST BUECHEL MAYOR
Non-partisan
Brenda Kay MOORE
Joseph MATTINGLY
Toby CLARK
Rick RICHARDS
Robert “Randy” MULLINS

WEST BUECHEL COUNCILMEMBER
Non-partisan
Clara CRAWFORD
Evelyn SALDANA
John CAMPBELL
Loy CRAWFORD
Rhonda S. SANDERS
Billy HILL
Thomas FOX
Brandie WILSON
Ashley STEWART
Bonnie MANNING

WESTWOOD MAYOR
Non-partisan
Nancy LAMBERT

WESTWOOD COMMISSIONER
Non-partisan
Nancy VINSEL
Robert S. OAKLEY
Robert PURDY
Richard WATKINS

WILDWOOD MAYOR
Non-partisan
Shannon BELL

WILDWOOD COMMISSIONER
Non-partisan
Patricia LaFOLLETTE
Nick HELLMICH
Robert DAY
Joseph A. KIPP
Phillip W. MYERS

WINDY HILLS MAYOR
Non-partisan
Michael B. LUBEACH
Helen M. DAVIS

WINDY HILLS COUNCILMEMBER
Non-partisan
Norbert L. STEWART
Marianne RADEMAKER
Kate Kirwan GREER
Kimberly GREENROSE
James Allan MAINS
Laura TRACHTENBERG
Bruce E. BLUE
Marcia Clark MYERS
Suzanne SPENCER
Carl HORTON
Heather RUSSELL-SIMMONS

WOODLAND HILLS MAYOR
Non-partisan
Michael J. F. OCHS

WOODLAND HILLS COMMISSIONER
Non-partisan
Ronnie G. COX JR.
Sally M. TILFORD
David W. TILFORD
Brad RICCA

WOODLAWN PARK MAYOR
Non-partisan
Larry LEWIS

WOODLAWN PARK COUNCILMEMBER
Non-partisan
Christopher Scott HORN
Gregory CLAYPOOL
Douglas WATSON
Shannon SEIDT
Thomas M. NUNN
Mike BROWN
George LANGFORD

WORTHINGTON HILLS MAYOR
Non-partisan
Bob STONUM

WORTHINGTON HILLS COMMISSIONER
Non-partisan
Carol CAMPBELL
Linda B. BEVILLE
Kenneth TICHENOR
Dennis R. METCALF

Maintained Matthew Leffler

Ranking Louisville Candidate Site With Organic SEO

Its likely no secret we’re working hard to rank up Judge Sean Delahanty‘s site.  He had judgeseandelahanty.com but I’ve always believed that the primary site for any campaign needs to be someone’s name unless its hard to spell without any office referenced.

Thats why we developed his new election site seandelahanty.com.  Wanting to bring a small level of gamification and interactivity I added polls and debated a chat section but due to speed concerns on the domain I moved that idea to fordelahanty.com. Its a site to allow supporters to collaborate and make a difference.

In the image below you can see the vast majority of his tracked pages are on page one of Google.
In order to draw new traffic from higher search volumned topics I added the FAQ and Voter Guide content.  The voter guide is not the most innovative site but it is likely the one campaign site that provides maps and names on races beyond their own.  Its a gamble that the voter will find and appreciate Sean Delahanty’s site

The site recently received a make over notice the reported as of today.

ranking seo

Maintained Matthew Leffler

Judging The District Court Judges – Insider Louisville

(Editor’s note: Several Insider Louisville contributors collected information for this post including Terry Boyd, who did the majority of the writing.)

This is a story with a back story.

We’ve been trying for weeks to get documents related to chronic absenteeism by a small minority of Jefferson District Court judges.

Insiders told Insider Louisville Chief Judge Angela McCormick Bisig is one of a group of female judges frequently absent from the court, a group that includes fellow judges Katie King and Michele Stengel.

Neither King nor Stengel replied to written requests for interviews left with court officials.

Bisig’s and others’ absences caused log jams, confusion and unreasonable workloads for the judges who do show up, say those sources, whose identities we agreed to keep confidential, because they have to appear before these judges, or work beside them as colleagues.

These particular judges are the judges who sort through the jammed criminal dockets in a court system that attorneys say is broken.

How broken?

For two weeks, we tried to find out, and we know now this is a story that will have to be teased out over time.

Judge Angela McCormick Bisig

Multiple sources told Insider Louisville that Bisig, among others, had extensive absences from her courtroom during 2012.

In an interview Thursday, Bisig told Insider Louisville that she hadn’t “taken a single day of vacation this year.”

However, the judge posted photos on her Facebook page of an April trip to New York City.

Bisig then confirmed she took “a long weekend” to go with her sons, adding that “any allegations of excessive absences are not true.”

What’s the truth?

We don’t know.

It’s nearly impossible to document the workings of the court, especially which of the 14 district court judges actually earn their paychecks, about $113,000 annually. (By comparison, Gov. Steve Beshear is paid $127,885 annually.)

Insider Louisville was denied documents, or told documents didn’t exist, only to find out they were public domain.

Beyond the stonewalling, documenting those absences and the additional strains they place on colleagues is difficult, because judges have virtually no obligation beyond personal scruples to show up.

We also came away with the feeling that at least one judge wants to tell the whole story, but can’t quite bring himself to do it.

District Judge Sean Delahanty doesn’t deny some Jefferson County District courtrooms aren’t in disarray.

But Delahanty won’t discuss the situation beyond vague assertions of lack of work ethic by other judges.

This very problem – backed up courts – was the driving force for a reorganization of Jefferson District Court last August.

Before that reorganization, judges were too frequently combining dockets, Delahanty said. That is, one judge doesn’t show up, so another judge has to fold that additional case load into his or her docket.

That’s still going on now, he said.

“The only reasons judges are supposed to combine dockets is vacations or emergencies, and dockets are getting combined way too often for other things,” Delahanty said.

He declined to go into detail.

In a story posted Wednesday on a survey of attorneys concerning the reorganization, Courier-Journal reporter Jason Riley quotes Delahanty as saying, “Some of these judges need to decide if this job interferes with their lifestyle, and I’m not going to say anymore than that.”

Which could be interpreted as a shot at Bisig, who appears frequently at social events featured in the Voice-Tribune newspaper, the Bible of Louisville’s social scene.

Pressed to address the major problems in the courts, Delahanty said, “There are things that will come out in time.”

“What he’s talking about is the lack of accountability the judges have in the way they spend their time,” said attorney Thomas Clay, a partner at Clay Frederick Adams, PLC.

Clay and other attorneys say there are two ways judges hand off their dockets  – by calling a colleague and asking that judge to take their cases, or to call into clerks of the court, who would assign the absent judge’s docket to another judge.

Which is what causes delays and confusion, with judges not in their assigned courtrooms when defendants, witnesses and judges show up for trials and hearings, say our sources.

The system leads to a core of judges picking up the slack including Delahanty, our sources said.

“I defy you to find one attorney anywhere out there who will say my courtroom is broken,” Delahanty said. “You can come to my courtroom anytime you want. Courtroom 204. You come any day, and you can see how a court should be run.”

Asked to talk about the workings of the court or attorneys who don’t run their courtrooms as they should be run, he demurred.

Most elected officials have some mechanism that can be used for accountability whether it be records of votes, legislation or roads paved.

But not judges.

Delahanty told Insider Louisville that he doesn’t believe there are any documents that have data documenting the time judges are in the courtroom or the volume of cases they hear: “We don’t keep a record of attendance.”

“It’s an issue that needs to be addressed. And this is not an issue that just cropped up recently. There have been questions about this topic for years,” Clay said.

Jacob Conway, whose Website Mentors consults with local judicial campaigns and frequent Insider Louisville contributor, said he finds ridiculous allegations that Bisig is a chronic no-show.

Bisig, a former prosecutor, “had a stellar record” in that job, Conway said. “She was one of the people who was always there, later than her job required, longer than any other judges … a workhorse. It’s why no one ever ran against her before.”

Conway says he believes allegations that Bisig and other female judges are devoting less than their all to their positions connect back to possible resentment about more women winning judicial elections.

“A majority of women on the court are women who beat incumbent men,” he said. “These men pointing fingers may be upset about the number of women judges (winning) just in the last few years.

“This is the last ‘old boys club’ left in (Kentucky) politics.”

––––––––––

Two weeks ago, legal insiders told us about a survey of attorneys coming out Tuesday, August 21 that would expose the Jefferson District Court system as a system in chaos.

We went to Bisig to request a copy. Bisig was non-committal, telling us she didn’t know anything about any survey, and wasn’t sure if it would be public record if there was such a document.

We persisted. We asked who paid for the survey, aguing if it was paid with taxpayers’ dollars, it’s a public document. Bisig said she didn’t know.

We asked state officials, including Leigh Anne Hiatt, public information officer for the Administrative Office of the Courts in Frankfort, for the document. Hiatt never followed up on our request.

We asked local employees at the Administrators of the Court, and they claimed the survey didn’t exist, or referred us to state officials.

Wednesday night, Riley posted a story on the survey, a story that stated 53 percent of 164 lawyers responding disagreed or strongly disagreed the reorganization had enhanced administration of justice, with 10 percent agreeing. (Thirty-seven percent had no opinion.)

 From Riley’s story:

Among the biggest problems cited in the survey are that the changes have led to too many combined dockets – those in which a judge took on their own cases as well as the cases of another judge who was either not in court that day or unavailable, backing up the process.

We tried to quantify attendance rates and workloads through the court dockets, which our sources told us judges must sign off on daily.

However, in an email response, Hiatt stated that’s not true (emphasis ours):

You … requested information about when individual judges are on the bench. The court system does not have any one document to provide that information. In addition, docket information does not provide a complete picture of when judges are working. When outside of the courtroom, judges may be preparing paperwork, reviewing probate files, ruling on default judgment motions and taking 24-hour calls regarding bond reviews, search warrants, emergency protective orders and mental inquest warrants. Judges can also have dockets on evenings and weekends. It is also important to note that judges determine their own schedules to meet the needs in their jurisdictions.

More as we solicit these documents.

Maintained Matthew Leffler

Sean Delahanty Discusses LBA Poll and CFBJ Endorsement



Sean Delahanty Discusses LBA Poll and CFBJ Endorsement






























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Maintained Matthew Leffler

History Perspectives: America Attacked

Facts, information and articles about the attack on Pearl Harbor, Hawaii.

Date: December 7, 1941

Location: Oahu, Hawaii

Generals/Commanders

United States: Husband Kimmel and Walter Short

Japanese: Chuichi Nagumo and Isoroku Yamamoto

Outcome: Japanese Victory

Casualties:  United States: 3,700  Japanese: 50  civilians: 48-68

Importance:  The surprise attack on America led to the nation entering World War II

» See all Articles

Pearl Harbor summary:

On December 7, 1941 the Japanese launched a surprise attack on the US Naval Base Pearl Harbor in Hawaii, using bombers, torpedo bombers and midget submarines. On December 8, President Franklin D. Roosevelt delivered his “Infamy Speech” to American citizens, informing them that this occurred despite the fact that the US was in the midst of talks to keep peace with Japan. That same day, with congressional approval, America entered into World War II.

On the southern end of Oahu, Pearl Harbor held a 22,000 acre naval base. Admiral Husband E. Kimmel of the Navy and Lt. General Walter C. Short of the Army were in command of the fleet and troops on the ground, respectively. The majority of the Pacific area’s military commands were headquartered there because of growing apprehensions regarding an aggressive Japanese presence.

Since Emperor Hirohito’s Japan wanted to expand in territory and power like some European countries, it needed natural resources, like oil and aluminum found in the Netherlands East Indies. Standing in opposition to Japanese conquest of what Japan’s leaders termed “the Southern Resource Area” was the United States. In 1940 the US, Great Britain, and the Netherlands had initiated a total embargo of oil and scrap metal to Japan in response to Japan invading French Indochina. Unless a new source of oil was opened, the Imperial Japanese Navy would be in dry dock within a year and Japanese industries would grind to a halt in 12–18 months.

A plan was developed to cripple the US Pacific Fleet at Pearl Harbor to allow time for Japan to seize the resource areas it needed and fortify them to the point that retaking them would cost more lives than the Imperial High Command thought Americans would be willing to pay. The Pearl Harbor attack plan was conceived by Admiral Isoroku Yamamoto, commander in chief of the IJN. Yamamoto had studied in the United States. He knew his nation lacked the ability to defeat the much larger, resource-and industry-rich country and did not share the opinion of many Japanese officers that the Americans were too weak-willed to fight. However, Yamamoto’s vociferous arguments against going to war with America were overruled by the High Command. The attack on Pearl Harbor, which was influenced by the successful British attack that used carrier aircraft against the Italian fleet at Taranto, Italy the previous year, was essentially a last best-hope for Japanese success in the Pacific.

Early in the morning on December 7, more than 350 Japanese planes attacked about 33 American ships on orders of Vice-Admiral Chuichi Nagumo. America sustained a loss of nearly 170 aircraft destroyed and 160 damaged that morning, as well as three ships destroyed and 16 damaged. Three thousand seven hundred Americans lost their lives, including 68 civilians. The cost to the Japanese was 29 aircraft, five midget submarines, and 130 service personnel, all but one of whom was killed in action.

The Pearl Harbor Memorial

The Pearl Harbor memorial, otherwise known as the USS Arizona Memorial, is a National Monument located at the site of the sunken battleship USS Arizona in Pearl Harbor. Commemorating the 1,177 crewman who lost their lives in the attack on Pearl Harbor, it s a tribute to World War II valor in the Pacific. Learn more about the Pearl Harbor Memorial.

The Pearl Harbor Myth

In a Photograph taken aboard a Japanese carrier before the attack, A Nakajima B5N "Kate" torpedo bomber is cheered on by the carrier's crew. (National Archives)
In a Photograph taken aboard a Japanese carrier before the attack, A Nakajima B5N “Kate” torpedo bomber is cheered on by the carrier’s crew. (National Archives)

As a wave of shock surged from Pearl Harbor’s burning waters, the nation stood in awe of the destruction wrought by the Imperial Japanese Navy on the U.S. Pacific Fleet. “The incredulousness of it all still gives each new announcement of the Pearl Harbor attack the unreality of a fairy tale,” a young naval aviator stationed in Virginia wrote just hours after the attack. “How could they have been so mad?… If the reports I’ve heard today are true, the Japanese have performed the impossible, have carried out one of the most daring and successful raids in all history.… The whole thing was brilliant.”

In just 90 minutes, the Japanese had inflicted a devastating blow: five battleships were sunk, three battleships, three cruisers, and three destroyers were damaged, and nearly 200 aircraft were destroyed. The most devastating loss was the 2,403 Americans killed and 1,178 wounded. Michael Slackman, a consulting historian to the U.S. Navy, described the attack as “almost textbook perfect” in his book Target: Pearl Harbor (1990). Gordon Prange, the battle’s leading historian, judged it “brilliantly conceived and meticulously planned.” Another prominent historian, Robert L. O’Connell, author of Sacred Vessels: The Cult of the Battleship and the Rise of the U.S. Navy (1995), likened it to the perfection of a “flashing samurai sword.” Even the recorded narration on a Pearl Harbor tour boat says the attack was “brilliantly conceived and executed.”

Yet a detailed examination of the preparation and execution of the attack on the Pacific Fleet reveals a much different story. Even after 10 months of arduous planning, rehearsal, and intelligence gathering, the attack was plagued by inflexibility, a lack of coordination, and misallocated resources. A plan for a likely contingency was cobbled together by three midgrade officers while en route to Hawaii. The attack itself suffered significant command blunders. Though armed with enough firepower to destroy up to 14 battleships and aircraft carriers, the Japanese landed killing hits on only three battleships; luck, combined with American damage control mistakes, added two more battleships to their tally. Not only was the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor far from brilliant, it also narrowly avoided disaster.

High Command and Aviators Disagree on Primary Targets

Admiral Isoroku Yamamoto, commander in chief of Japan’s Combined Fleet, thought he saw a way to win an impossible war, beginning with a surprise attack against American battleships. He believed battleships possessed “intangible political effects internationally as a symbol of naval power.” Sinking them, in tandem with capturing the Philippines, would so shock and demoralize the American people that their will to continue the war would sink along with the shattered battlewagons. The Japanese Naval General Staff wanted to sink battleships, too, but for a different reason: they calculated (from some faulty initial assumptions) that crippling four of the eight battleships in port would prevent the Pacific Fleet from sailing to relieve the Philippines for six months, allowing the Japanese to secure the flank of their southern advance.

The aviators involved had other target priorities. The operation’s main planner, Commander Minoru Genda, was a brilliant and iconoclastic fighter pilot known as “Madman Genda” for his belief that battleships were anachronisms. While a student at the Naval Staff College, he had called for the Imperial Navy to scrap all battleships and build only carriers. When assigned in early 1941 to plan an attack to sink battleships at Pearl Harbor, he instead plotted to aim the bulk of the attack at any carriers that might be in port. His fixation would come close to disrupting the entire attack.

FAQs – Questions about Pearl Harbor

The plan finally presented to the admirals called for a first wave of 40 Nakajima B5N carrier attack bombers (later code-named “Kates” by the Allies), each carrying a Type 91 aerial torpedo, to open the assault on Pearl Harbor. According to the Japanese Official History, they were to first attack four designated battleships, then shift their attention to carriers. After crippling or sinking these ships, the attack would shift to the remaining battleships, then shift again to cruisers.

It was an overly complex, impossible scheme, likely constructed merely to brief the admirals, who were largely ignorant of aviation tactics and would not know that such an orderly progression through the targets was unworkable. Genda and the planners were well aware that the torpedo bombers had to fly low and slow as they approached their targets, making them extremely vulnerable to antiaircraft fire.

The plan they intended to use split 90 Kates between two roles: torpedo and level bombing. Genda then divided the 40 acting as torpedo bombers into four formations. They were to travel together to a point north of Pearl Harbor, where 16 torpedo bombers in two formations would separate to approach from the west and attack the carrier moorings, while 24 torpedo bombers in two formations would attack Battleship Row from the east. Immediately after, 50 more Kates acting as level bombers would attack from high altitude, dropping massive 1,760-pound armor-piercing bombs on the battleships sheltered from torpedo fire by other ships or dry docks.

The plan emphasized surprise; all 40 torpedo bombers could deliver their attacks in less than 90 seconds, before the enemy defenses could respond. It would be impossible for the torpedo bomber aircrews to methodically ratchet through a complicated target prioritization scheme because they would not be in a position to observe or evaluate the attacks of the aircraft that went before them. Each aircrew could only do their best to identify a good target, launch a torpedo, and get out as quickly as possible. They were instructed to concentrate their attacks to ensure that ships would be sunk rather than just damaged, but at the same time avoid “overkill” on ships already sinking, as any such hits would be a waste and better applied to other targets.

A second wave of the attack was to be launched about an hour after the first: 81 Aichi D3A dive-bombers (“Val”) armed with 550-pound general-purpose bombs—which were unable to penetrate battleship deck armor—had the carriers as their primary targets. They were to stay on those targets, even if the carriers had been sunk or capsized by the torpedo bombers.

Genda, true to his philosophy, assigned twice as many torpedo bombers per carrier than per battleship, despite the fact that fewer hits would sink a carrier. In other words, he allocated more than enough firepower to sink the carriers, but sent only enough firepower to cripple the battleships. He wanted to guarantee the carriers would never be salvaged.

Inadequate Rehearsal Sets the Stage for Gaffes

The Imperial Japanese Navy had begun preparing for the Pacific War in earnest in 1938. They grounded their hopes that their smaller navy would prevail through better tactics, better weapons, and better training. Realism, not safety precautions, drove their intensive preparations. Destroyers practiced torpedo attacks at night and in poor weather at high speed, resulting in some catastrophic collisions. Night bombing attacks were practiced while searchlights dazzled the pilots, resulting in midair collisions. The cost in airplanes and lives was deemed acceptable.

Yet the attack on Pearl Harbor went forward without a realistic dress rehearsal. Each mission type—dive-bomber, level bomber, torpedo bomber, and fighter—trained independently. The Japanese simply did not practice combined arms doctrine, which utilizes different types of units in complementary ways to achieve an objective. There was no combined training until the very end, when the Japanese staged two practice attacks against target battleships at anchor in Japan’s Inland Sea, and against a nearby airfield. But the ships were not arrayed as in Pearl Harbor, the sun angle and geography were different, and the approaches were nothing like Oahu’s narrow lochs. The torpedo bombers apparently did not even employ the attack formation they would later use. On top of all that, they repeatedly concentrated on the easiest targets; no corrective action was taken.

Poor Planning Neglects a Likely Contingency

On the eve of their departure, the planners realized that everything they had devised and practiced was based on achieving surprise. What if the Americans were alert?

Genda met with Lieutenant Commander Mitsuo Fuchida, the strike commander, and Lieutenant Shigeharu Murata, the torpedo bomber commander, in the flagship’s wardroom after departing from Japan. They devised a modification to the master plan: Fuchida, leading the first wave, would fire one flare for “surprise achieved” or two flares for “surprise lost.” If the Americans were on the alert, the first-wave dive-bombers—which, in the original plan, were to orbit north of the harbor until the torpedo bombers finished their attack—would surge ahead and bomb Ford Island and Hickam Field to draw antiaircraft fire from the torpedo bombers.

This last-minute change held the spark of chaos. It was formulated without any flag officer or senior staff captain present; Genda and Fuchida were probably embarrassed that they had neglected such an obvious contingency. Murata objected to the plan, unwilling to risk his vulnerable torpedo bombers against an awakened defense, but was overruled. Reflecting the lack of a combined arms approach, the new plan was cemented without input from the fighter or dive-bomber leaders.

Another key contingency emerged at the last minute—and was ignored. The day before the strike, Japanese intelligence reported that there were no carriers in Pearl Harbor. Genda could have redirected the attack to focus on battleships and cruisers. However, a staff officer expressed hope that the carriers might return in the few hours remaining before the attack. Genda brightened: “If that happened, I don’t care if all eight battleships are away.” The plan remained unchanged.

Communications Blunder Distorts Attack Plan

As the first wave neared Oahu’s northern shore just after 7:30 a.m. on December 7, clouds blocked the route down the center of Oahu. Fuchida veered, leading the way down the island’s west side. After the massed formation cleared the clouds, he made no attempt to regain the planned track.

Spotting no sign that their presence had been detected, Fuchida fired a single flare to activate the “surprise” attack plan. When the fighters did not take up their assigned positions, however, he assumed they had missed the signal and fired another—without considering that the observers might take this as the two-flare signal. He groaned as the dive-bomber leader, believing that surprise had been lost, raced ahead of the torpedo bombers to make his diversionary attack.

Fuchida later told Gordon Prange, the author of At Dawn We Slept (1981), that he “ground his teeth in rage [but later] realized that the error made no practical difference.” He also diverted blame onto the dive-bomber leader—“that fool Takahashi, he was a bit soft in the head.”

Fuchida’s blunder did in fact make a monumental practical difference: with half the aviators trying to execute a different plan, order disintegrated as the dive-bombers and torpedo bombers raced each other to the harbor like horses released from the starting gate at the Kentucky Derby. The dive-bombers arrived first, without climbing to standard bombing altitude, which reduced the accuracy of their attacks. Their bombs, exploding on Ford Island and Hickam Field, awoke American defenders aboard ships in the harbor.

Because the attack groups split up west rather than north of the harbor, the torpedo bombers assigned to strike the carrier moorings commenced their attack about five minutes before their counterparts assigned to Battleship Row. This granted still more reaction time for the defenders; on average, around 25 percent of each vessel’s antiaircraft guns were manned and stocked with ammunition as the attack began. As a result, the first torpedo bomber to attack a battleship was met with heavy fire. Most of the torpedo planes were hit, and five of the last seven to arrive were shot down, all due to Fuchida’s mistake.

Torpedo Bomber Formation Errors Result in Chaos

The planners had selected a long single-file attack formation for the torpedo bombers, with 500-meter (7-second) intervals between aircraft, which they believed suited Pearl Harbor’s long, narrow lochs. It proved a poor choice.

In the confusion following Fuchida’s blunder with the flares, and the pilots’ apparent lack of practice in changing from cruise to attack formation, up to 1,800 meters (30 seconds) stretched between aircraft, and miles opened between the two formations that were to attack Battleship Row. Pilots lost sight of their leaders, or even the aircraft ahead, and had to gain altitude and circle to get their bearings. Some broke away from their formation leader and attacked independently. There were mistakes, aborted runs, misidentified targets, and at least one near collision that forced a bomber to jettison its torpedo.

Instead of a tightly timed attack lasting 90 seconds, the torpedo attack stretched out over 11 minutes, with torpedo bombers spaced far apart, allowing the defenders’ antiaircraft fire to concentrate on each in turn.

At this point, Japanese fighters had detached to strafe nearby airfields. Had American fighters been aloft over the harbor, instead of grounded by communication issues, the scattered torpedo bombers could easily have been slaughtered.

With no carriers in port, nearly half the torpedo bombers fell into disarray over which ships to target.

Lieutenant Hirata Matsumara, leading 16 torpedo bombers, struggled to identify targets against the early morning sun’s glare—a challenge the rehearsals had not prepared him for. Impatient aviators surged ahead and Matsumara’s formations disintegrated. Six torpedo bombers misidentified the demilitarized battleship Utah as a frontline battleship and attacked, scoring only two hits. One torpedo missed Utah so badly it hit the light cruiser Raleigh in an adjacent berth. Considering that this first wave was unopposed by enemy fighters and flew the easiest approach—similar to rehearsals, when 83 percent of the torpedo bombers hit their targets—it was a miserable performance.

The remaining 10 bombers in the carrier attack group swung south of Ford Island looking for battleships; none of the aviators wanted to come home from the most important battle in Japanese history to say they had attacked a secondary target. Five misidentified the backlit silhouette of the old minelayer Oglala, moored outboard of the light cruiser Helena, as a battleship; only one torpedo hit. In all, 11 of the 16 torpedoes from the group assigned to attack carriers—more than a quarter of the 40 torpedoes in the entire attack—were launched at misidentified targets.

The Battleship Row attackers made their runs under heavy fire, further hampered by the remaining bombers from Matsumara’s group that were trying to squeeze in their attacks at the same time. All were desperate to drop their torpedoes before the defending antiaircraft fire became more intense and, just as in rehearsals, aimed mostly at the easiest targets—the battleships Oklahoma and West Virginia. Of the 19 total torpedo hits, these two battleships absorbed 12—nearly two-thirds of the hits. Four of these were overkill, wasted torpedoes that would have been more effective against the battleships California, which received only two hits, and Nevada, which received just one.

Only 11 torpedo hits were against properly identified targets that were part of the objective; the score rises to 13 if the accidental hits on the cruisers Raleigh and Helena are included. Thus, at best 33 percent of the torpedoes brought to the battle were effective—far short of the 67 percent Genda had expected.

Just before the 81 second-wave dive-bombers launched, the pilots were informed that the American carriers were not in port. Rather than turning their focus to the secondary targets—cruisers—word was circulated that they were to finish off ships damaged in the first attack. Many of the pilots took this vague declaration as an order to strike battleships, despite the known ineffectiveness of their general-purpose bombs in this role.

While the second wave approached the harbor, Fuchida—after dropping his armor-piercing bomb (a miss)—spent 30 minutes circling the harbor. He could have identified targets for the dive-bombers and directed their attacks. Instead, he did nothing. The most senior aviator over Pearl Harbor was a passive observer.

The dive-bomber pilots, left to select targets, wasted most of their ordnance. Forty percent of the dive-bombers went after battleships. Another 7 dropped their payload on destroyers misidentified as cruisers, 16 attacked auxiliary vessels misidentified as cruisers or battleships, 8 bombed a destroyer in dry dock, 2 attacked an oiler in the channel, and 1 attacked an ammunition ship. One may even have attacked the Dutch liner Jagersfontein in Honolulu Harbor, 10 miles away. Only 14 of the 78 bombers that arrived at Pearl Harbor attacked appropriate targets—cruisers.

The Japanese expected their dive-bombers to land 49 hits, a 60 percent success rate; even with a charitable definition of what constitutes a hit, they achieved only 15 hits, or 19 percent. Three bombs that had been aimed at battleships missed so badly they hit destroyers, so only 15 percent of the bombs actually hit their intended targets—another miserable performance.

Five hits were scored on the battleship Nevada, a ship already sufficiently damaged by a torpedo strike in the first wave. These hits triggered a damage control blunder by the Americans, which ultimately sank the ship. Single hits on California and Pennsylvania caused little damage.

The remaining second-wave dive-bombers contributed nothing to Japan’s objective of immobilizing the Pacific Fleet for six months. There was only one direct hit on a cruiser, Raleigh, but like the Nevada it had already been torpedoed and would be out of the war for six months. A near miss caused some flooding aboard the cruiser Honolulu, quickly repaired. Three hits landed on a destroyer in a floating dry dock. Another hit on an aircraft tender was later mended in a single day at the San Diego shipyard.

Overall, the Japanese attack fell far short of its potential. There were eight battleships and eight cruisers in port; four of each were accessible to torpedo attack. The Japanese had more than enough armor-piercing bombs to sink the ships inaccessible to torpedoes, along with two of the four battleships that were either double-berthed or in dry dock, and enough general-purpose bombs to sink all of the cruisers. But instead of destroying 14 of the 16 priority targets, they dropped killing ordnance on only three: Oklahoma, West Virginia, and Arizona. Two other battleships —California and Nevada—later sank because of flooding, damage control errors, and poor construction. This raised the score to 5 of the 16 priority targets, or only 31 percent—a poorly planned and executed attack, no matter how it is dissected.

Tpday visitors to Hawaii can take a personal Pearl Harbor Tour through the many areas of interest.

Lessons of a Flawed Victory

Its flaws aside, however, the attack’s results are all too familiar. Japan succeeded in taking the United States by surprise. Five battleships sank; the loss of American lives shook the nation to its core. December 7, 1941, will never cease to live in infamy.

But examining the attack’s planning and execution blunders offers a key perspective on the Pacific War. Defeat forces change; victory entrenches the current system, with all its faults.

By celebrating its success at Pearl Harbor, Japan sheltered myriad problems. Victory obscured poor planning, to be seen again at Midway; poor staff procedures were evident later at Guadalcanal. Poor target selection, attack tactics, and accuracy appeared again in the carrier battles; poor aerial command and control manifested throughout the war. Victory perpetuated a samurai approach to aerial combat that led to horrendous losses.

Most significantly, Pearl Harbor cemented the Japanese belief that they could achieve stunning victory against all odds—that with sufficient will and the favor of the gods they could achieve the impossible. This sustained Japan when defeat was inevitable; it prolonged the war; it nurtured the Bushido warrior spirit—and its dark side, the kamikaze. Paradoxically, the Japanese victory at Pearl Harbor firmly entrenched the seeds of the destruction of their navy, and near destruction of their nation.

Maintained Matthew Leffler